Belgrade

   Called Singidunum by the Romans, the city is strategically situated at the confluence of the Sava and Danube (q.v.) rivers. Moreover, the Belgrade-Constantinople highway was the most important trans-Balkan route from central Europe to Constantinople (q.v.). Captured by the Avars (q.v.) in the early seventh century, it emerged in the 10th century with a new Slavic name, Beograd ("White Fortress"). It was part of the First Bulgarian Empire until 1018, when it was incorporated into Byzantine territory. It went back into the hands of the Bulgars (q.v.) in 1040, during the revolt of Peter Deljan (q.v.). Subsequently, it was acquired by the Hungarians, and then by the Serbs (q.v.), who made it their capital in the 12th century. In 1427 the Hungarians took it, and in 1456 Hunyadi won a great victory over the Ottomans (q.v.), who had to break off their siege of the city. It finally fell to the Ottomans in 1521.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • BELGRADE — (Serb. Beograd), capital of Serbia. Several Jews from Italy and Hungary settled in Belgrade in the 13th and 14th centuries. They were joined by Sephardi Jews after the Turkish conquest in 1521. They lived mostly in the Jewish mahala ( quarter )… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BELGRADE — Capitale à la fois de la république fédérale de Yougoslavie et de la Serbie, qui, avec le Monténégro, constitue cette dernière, Belgrade, dont le nom slave de «Château blanc» ou de «Ville blanche» (Beograd) est attesté pour la première fois au… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Belgrade — ist die englische Schreibweise für Belgrad in Serbien. Weitere Orte gleichen Namens in den Vereinigten Staaten: Belgrade (Maine) Belgrade (St. Louis County), Minnesota Belgrade (Stearns County), Minnesota Belgrade (Missouri) Belgrade (Montana)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Belgrade — Belgrade, NE U.S. village in Nebraska Population (2000): 134 Housing Units (2000): 77 Land area (2000): 0.183497 sq. miles (0.475255 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.183497 sq. miles (0.475255… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Belgrade, MN — U.S. city in Minnesota Population (2000): 750 Housing Units (2000): 342 Land area (2000): 1.177970 sq. miles (3.050927 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.177970 sq. miles (3.050927 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Belgrade, MT — U.S. city in Montana Population (2000): 5728 Housing Units (2000): 2239 Land area (2000): 1.670087 sq. miles (4.325506 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.670087 sq. miles (4.325506 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Belgrade, NE — U.S. village in Nebraska Population (2000): 134 Housing Units (2000): 77 Land area (2000): 0.183497 sq. miles (0.475255 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.183497 sq. miles (0.475255 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Belgrade — also Beograd a city in east Serbia, the capital of the federation of Serbia and Montenegro …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Belgrade — [bel′grād΄, bel′gräd΄; bel grād′, belgräd′] capital of Serbia and Montenegro, on the Danube: pop. 1,470,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Belgrade — For other uses, see Belgrade (disambiguation). Belgrade Београд Beograd   City   …   Wikipedia

  • Belgrade — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Belgrade (homonymie). Belgrade Београд …   Wikipédia en Français

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